Martial Arts Resources

Japanese Martial Arts Dictionary & Definitions

Numbers

  1. Ichi – One
  2. Ni – Two
  3. San – Three
  4. Shi – Four
  5. Go – Five
  6. Roku – Six
  7. Shichi – Seven
  8. Hachi – Eight
  9. Ku – Nine
  10. Ju – Ten

A

Aite:
Opponent
Anatoshi:
Trapping
Ashiko:
Foot Band
Ate:
Strike
Atemi:
Strike

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B

Bajutsu:
Horsemanship
Barai:
Sweep
Bisento:
Battlefield Halbred
Bojutsu:
Stick Fighting
Bo Ryaku:
Stratergy
Boshi Ken:
Thumb Strike
Budo:
Martial Way
Budoka:
Student of the martial way
Bugie:
Martial arts
Bujin:
Warrior spirit
Bujutsu:
Martial arts techniques
Bushi:
Warrior
Bushido:
Way of the warrior

C

Chi:
Earth
Chi Mon:
Geography
Cho Ho:
Espionage
Chu:
Middle
Chunin:
Mid level Ninja agent

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D

Daisho:
Pair of swords
Daito:
Large Sword
Dakenjutsu:
Striking, Kicking, Blocking
Do:
Way
Dojo:
Training hall
Doko:
Angry Tiger
Dori:
To sieze or capture
Dai:
large, big, great
Daisho:
the set of katana and kodachi
Daito:
longer Japanese sword
Dakentaijutsu:
striking body methods
Dan:
level or degree of black belt
Deai:
initiatory action in combat
Den:
legend, tradition
Densho:
traditional scrolls (see also makimono)
Deshi:
student; disciple
Do:
path, road, way; motion; change
Do Jime:
choke applied to opponent’s sides
Dojo:
training hall, place of the way
Doko:
angry tiger
Dome:
stop; arrest
Dori:
seize, catch
Doshin:
Tokugawa period law enforcement official

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E

Empi:
Elbow strike
Eri:
collar
Eri Jime:
Collar strangulation technique

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F

Fu:
Wind
Fudo Ken:
Clench Fist (also known as Immovable fist)
Fudoshin:
Immovable spirit
Fudoza:
Immovable seat
Fukiya:
Blowgun
Futari dori:
Held by two opponents

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G

Gaeshi:
Counter-attack
Gake:
Hook
Ganseki Nage:
Throwing the big rock
Garami:
Entangle
Gawa:
Side
Gedan Uke:
Low Block
Genin:
Low level Ninja agent
Genjutsu:
Art of illusion
Geri:
Kick
Gi:
Martial arts uniform
Godai:
Five elements
Gokui:
Secret
Gotono:
Using natural elements for evasion
Gyaku:
Reverse

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H

Hai:
Yes
Haibu Yori:
From behind
Hajime:
Begining
Hajutsu:
Escaping techniques
Han:
Half
Hanbo:
3′ Staff
Hanbojutsu:
Stick fighting
Happa Ken:
One handed strike
Happo Uchi:
Eight direction strike
Hasso:
Attack
Heiho:
Combat Stratergy
Henka:
Variation
Hensojutsu:
Disguise and Impersonation arts
Hicho:
Flying bird
Hidari:
Left
Hiji:
Elbow
Hiki:
Pull
Hishi:
Caltrops made from dried water chestnuts
Hodoki:
Escape
Hojo:
Bind, Tie up
Hojutsu:
Firearms Arts

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I

Iai:
Sword drawing
Igadama:
Caltrops made of spiked iron
Inpo:
Hiding
Intonjutsu:
Escape and Concealment
Iri:
Enter
Itami:
Pain
Iaido:
sword drawing way
Iaijutsu:
techniques of sword-drawing
Ichimonji:
the written character one in Japanese
In:
soft, negative, dark, female (yin)
Inton:
concealment and camouflage
Iri:
to enter

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J

Jo:
4′ Staff
Jodan Uke:
High Block
Junan Taiso:
Body conditioning
Jutaijutsu:
Grappling
Jutsu:
Techniques
Jime:
to constrict, tighten, choke
Jin:
man
Jissen gata:
real fighting; true fightingforms
Jodan:
upper level
Jojutsu:
techniques of the stick; stick art
Jonin:
leader ninja
Jumonji:
the written character ten in Japanese
Jutsu:
techniques,school,art or method
Jitte:
Anti sword trunchon

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K

Ka:
Fire
Kaeshi:
Counter attack
Kagi:
Hook
Kaiten:
Rolling
Kaiten Ken:
Open hand
Kakusi Geri:
Hidden Kick
Kamae:
Stance
Kamiza:
Shrine
Kata:
Set of movements
Kantana:
Sword
Katate:
One hand
Kayakujutsu:
Fire and Explosives Arts
Kenjutsu:
Sword fighting
Keppan:
Blood oath
Keri:
Kick
Ki:
Spirit
Kiai:
Focused shout
Kikaku Ken:
Head Strike
Kinhon:
Basic
Kinhon Waza:
Basic Technique
Kikaku Ken:
Demon horns fist
Kiriage:
Upwards Cut
Kiten Ken:
Sword hand strike
Ko Ashi:
Small steps
Kodachi:
Small Sword
Kogoroshi:
Finger breaking
Koho:
Back
Koho Geri:
Backwards Kick
Koho Kaiten:
Backwards Roll
Koku:
Tiger Sky
Kokyu:
Breath
Koppo Ken:
Thumb knuckle strike
Koppojutsu:
Bone Smashing Techniques
Koryu:
Traditional
Koshijutsu:
Organ and Muscle Striking
Kote:
Wrist
Ku:
Void
Kudaki:
Break or Smash
Kuden:
Oral Techings
Kuji:
Nine Syllables
Kuji in:
Hand Posturing
Kuji-Kiri:
Protective grid slashing
Kumiuchi:
Grappling and close fighting
Kumitachi:
Sword practice with a partner
Kunoichi:
Female Ninja
Kusari fundo:
Short Weighted Chain
Kusari gama:
Chain and Sickle
Kuzushi:
Breal opponents balance
Kyojitsu Tenkan Ho:
Philosophy
Kyoketsu:
Cord and dagger
Kyoman:
Observation
Kyu:
Grade below blackbelt
Kyusho:
Pressure points

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M

Mae Kaiten:
Front Roll
Maki:
Winding
Makimono:
Scrolls
Matte:
Wait
Mawashi:
Rotate
Mawashi Geri:
Round Kick
Meiso:
Meditation
Meijin:
Master
Metsubushi:
Blinding Powder
Meysubushi:
Distraction
Men Uchi:
Strike to the head
Menkyo:
Teacing certificate
Migi:
Right
Mizu:
Water
Mokuso:
Meditate
Morote:
Both hands
Mute:
No hands
Muto Dori:
Unarmed defense against a sword

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N

Nagare:
to flow
Nage:
Throw
Nagashi:
Flow
Naginata:
Halbred
Naname:
Diagonal direction
Neko te:
Finger tip weapons (worn by Konoichi)
Nin:
Endurance or Stealth
Ninpo:
higher order of Ninjutsu
Nuki Ashi:
Sweeping step
Ninki:
Specialised ninja tools

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O

Obi:
Belt
Odashi:
Long Sword
Omote:
Outside
Oni:
Devil
Oni Gedaki:
Crushing The Little Devil
Osae:
Press down
Oshigiri:
Push cut used with sword
Osoto gake:
Great outside hook
Oten:
Cartwheel

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R

Randori:
Sparring
Rei:
Bow
Ryote:
Tow hands
Ryomune dori:
Two handed chest grab
Ryu:
Scool or Dragon

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S

Sakki:
Intuition of attack
Saya:
Scabbard
Satori:
Enlightenment
Seishin Teki Kyoyo:
Spiritual Refinement
Seiza:
Kneeling
Sempai:
Senior student
Sensei:
Teacher
Shaken:
Throwing stars
Shako Ken:
Claw Strike
Shi:
Finger
Shihan:
Senior Instructor
Shikko:
Walking on knees
Shikan Ken:
Extended Knuckle Fist
Shikomi Zue:
Sword Cane
Shin:
Heart
Shinai:
Bamboo Sword
Shinken gata:
Real combat training
Shinobi:
Stealth
Shinobi aruki:
Ninja walking
Shinpi:
Mysticism
Shishin Ken:
Finger Strike
Shitan Ken:
Thumb Pressure
Shito Ken:
Thumb Strike
Shizen Ken:
Natural or Body Weapon
Shomen:
Front
Shoten no jutsu:
Tree Climbing
Shuki Ken:
Elbow Strike
Shurinkenjutsu:
Blade throwing
Shuko:
Spiked hand
Shuto Ken:
Open Hand Strike
Soka Gyaku:
Toe Strike
Soke:
Grandmaster
Sokki Ken:
Knee Strike
Sokuho Kaiten:
Side Roll
Sokuho Geri:
Side Kick
Sokuho Tobi:
Sideways leap
Soku Yako:
Heel Strike
Sokugyaku Geri:
Toe kick
Sui:
Water
Sui Ren:
Water Training
Sutemi Nage:
Sacrificial throw

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T

Tabi:
Traditional footwear
Taihenjutsu:
Body Movement
Tai Ken:
Total Body Weapon
Taijutsu:
Unarmed combat / Skill with the body
Take:
Bamboo
Taisabaki:
Natural body movements
Taiso:
Body Conditioning
Taki Ori:
Breaking Bamboo
Tanto:
Knife
Tantojutsu:
Knife Fighting
Tatami:
Straw Mat
Te:
Hand
Teki:
Enemy
Tenmon:
Meteorology
Tesson:
Iron war Fan
Tetsubushi:
Metal Caltrops
Toamijutsu:
Fish Net Skills
Tobi:
Leap
Tobi Keri:
Leap with Kick
Tori:
The one who executes
Tsuba:
Handguard on a sword
Tsugi bune:
Collapsible boat
Tsuki:
Thrust

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U

Uchi Gata:
Take down using legs
Uke:
The one who receives
Ukemi:
Breakfalls
Ura:
Inside

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W

Wakizashi:
Short Sword
Waza:
Technique

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Y

Ya:
Arrow
Yamabushi:
Mountain warrior priest
Yame:
Stop
Yari:
Spear
Yoi:
Ready
Yoko Geri:
Sideways Kick
Yoko Aruki:
Sideways walking
Yoroi:
Armour
Yubi:
Finger
Yumi:
Bow

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Z

Zenpo Kaiten:
Forward Roll
Zenpo Geri:
Forward Kick

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